Abstract Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors for patients with or without cardiovascular diseases after craniotomy for aneurysm clipping, and to provide evidences for the improvement of perioperative management in these patients.
Methods: We collected 297 patients who underwent craniotomy for aneurysm clipping in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from May 2016 to February 2017. The patients were divided into two groups: the cardiovascular disease group and the non-cardiovascular disease group. The perioperative clinical data, neurological function assessments at admission and discharge and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores of one-year-follow-up after discharge were analyzed. The primary outcome of this study was the GOS scores collected at one year after discharge. The secondary outcomes were the lengths of their ICU stay, neurological functions at discharge and adverse events morbidity during the hospitalization.
Results: A total of 241 patients were eventually enrolled. There was no significant difference in their general data between the two groups except for their ages. The GOS scores of the one-year-follow-up were significantly different between the two groups (P=0.007). The lengths of ICU stay, neurological dysfunctions at discharge and adverse events morbidity during hospitalization were also significantly different (P=0.036, P=0.011, P=0.005, respectively). A multivariate logistic regression analysis in which GOS score was the dependent variable with age adjusted also supported the previous results that long-term prognosis was not significantly correlated with the age of patients (P>0.05), but it was correlated with cardiovascular disease and sanity at admission (P=0.001). In patients with cardiovascular diseases, there was significantly different in perioperative mortality and neurological recovery of patients who had or had not cardiovascular events (P=0.006, P=0.001, respectively).
Conclusion: Undergoing craniotomy for aneurysm clipping, patients with cardiovascular diseases have worse outcomes in both of short and long terms. Perioperative treatments for cardiovascular disease could not only improve postoperative neurological deficits, but also reduce mortality for these patients.
Fund:This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81370251).
CHEN Na1,LI Renhua1,DAI Sisi1等. Prognosis in patients underwent craniotomy for aneurysm clipping with cardiovascular diseases[J]. Journal of Central South University(Medical Scienc, 2019, 44(1): 40-45.