Abstract：Urosepsis refers to sepsis induced by infection of the urinary tract and/or male reproductive system.
Recently, with the development of endoscopic urology, the incidence of urosepsis and related deaths
have been increasing year over year. As one of the most risky and poorest prognosis complications
in urology, urosepsis progresses rapidly. If it is not diagnosed early and treated promptly, urosepsis
is easy to develop into septic shock and pose a serious threat to patients’ life. Therefore, early
identification and correct diagnosis and treatment of urosepsis are of great significance to reduce
the mortality and improve the prognosis. The key to treat urosepsis is early fluid resuscitation,
early antibiotic use, as well as control and elimination of susceptibility factors. The perioperative
management of urosepsis requires the multidisciplinary collaboration of surgeons, ICU clinicians,
infectious physicians, and anesthesiologists. This review summarizes the diagnostic criteria,
epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, and perioperative management of urosepsis.